Cost of Goods Sold COGS Explained With Methods to Calculate It

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cost of goods sold for auto repair shop

An income statement, also called a profit and loss statement (P&L), is an accounting document that shows the financial results of your business for a given period of time. In other words, it’s a snapshot of what your company made or lost from day-to-day operations. The law requires that you acquire a business license and all necessary permits to start and operate an auto repair shop. The cost of business licenses and permits will differ from one state to another and the auto repair services you plan to offer. The range of equipment depends on the auto repair shop’s business model and the services you plan to offer. For example, a good diagnostic equipment can go up to $9,000 alone.

Your average cost per unit would be the total inventory ($2,425) divided by the total number of units (450). For the latter, these products can be donated to charities for a little extra goodwill. At the end of the year, it’s important to take stock of all the inventory that remains. As we’ve discussed, this information will be used in the current COGS calculation, but will also be required for the following year’s calculations.

Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) Explained With Methods to Calculate It

When you make decisions such as replacing a part or repairing the damage, you’re choosing a category of revenue — labor, parts, paint and materials, etc. You order the parts or assign labor hours based on that decision, and the repair begins. However, if your labor sales are significantly higher than your parts sales over time, it usually means that you aren’t marking your parts up enough. Parts and accessories purchased from dealerships are normally priced somewhere lower on the spectrum, while parts and accessories purchased from jobbers are normally priced higher on the spectrum.

Is the auto shop worth it?

In the end, whether the auto shop is worth it is dependent on the player. For players who collect a lot of cars or wish to roleplay in Grand Theft Auto Online with cars or mechanics as a big part of their character's identity, it's a fantastic purchase.

Without a paper trail, figuring out the problem is not only difficult but also extremely time consuming. Once you notice that there is a loss you can’t account for, all the “time saved” by skipping the purchase order step comes back in the form of time spent trying to figure out the issue. Specific identification is special in that this is only used by organizations with specifically identifiable inventory.

Job Costing in Quickbooks: Setup Tips & Best Practices

Thus, the calculation tends to assign too many expenses to goods that were sold, and which were actually costs that relate more to the current period. Many service businesses do not track Cost of Goods Sold which we at Lucrum feel is a mistake. Taking this shortcut eliminates the opportunity to track profitability by job or customer. Additionally, labor is a big consideration for Services businesses using COGS.

  • What’s more, the report gives you a detailed analysis, including every expense linked to your profits and losses.
  • You’re in the middle of a project and keep racking up expenses on behalf of your client.
  • It allows owners and management to make better business decisions and the ability to recognize opportunities.
  • Depending on which method is used, the ending inventory balance will change.
  • The reverse approach is the last in, first out method, known as LIFO, where the last unit added to inventory is assumed to be the first one used.
  • From our simple 3 step building quote to our growing library of project resources, General Steel is the company you’ve been looking for.
  • Lower COGS means higher profitability, and that you’ll likely pay more taxes.

You are going to have to win those customers, and then find ways to get them to come to you for all of their auto service needs. So I am going to go through the process that I would go through if I were starting an auto repair shop in a community. You know cars inside and out, and accounting professionals know finances. To put together a mechanic auto repair shop profit and loss statement, you will need to choose a period to review and gather all of the relevant financial documents. It helps to have a full service auto repair shop bookkeeper prepare these documents for you.

Cost, Set Up and Business Ideas

One way to do so is to record the constituent parts of the cost of goods sold in as many sub-accounts as possible. Doing so gives you a more fine-grained view of what causes this expense, and also makes it easier to identify cost control measures. However, only do so if the reduction will not impact the customer experience; after all, reducing costs that also lead to a decline in sales will worsen profits. Under the last in, first out method (LIFO), the cost of the last unit to enter inventory is charged to expense first.

Instead, a single car lift will range anywhere from $1,500 to $10,000 for the most robust ones. Assuming you do not buy the land and the building but decide to rent instead, typically startup costs will represent anywhere from bookkeeping for auto repair shops $67,200 to $225,500 for a typical small (5,000 sq. ft.) auto repair shop. So in order to create realistic projections for your startup, you can’t just assume that you are going to start out from day 1 doing the average.


Not only do service companies have no goods to sell, but purely service companies also do not have inventories. If COGS is not listed on a company’s income statement, no deduction can be applied for those costs. It’s important that we don’t want to muddy the gross profit margins by assigning overhead expenses to the COGS buckets on the P&L.

cost of goods sold for auto repair shop

The company writes off many incidental materials and supplies, such as coils, ducts, and vents. However, they also keep an inventory of more expensive parts on hand so that technicians don’t have to make time-consuming trips to a local supply depot or leave customers hanging when a crucial part is out of stock. In a perpetual inventory system the cost of goods sold is continually compiled over time as goods are sold to customers. This approach involves the recordation of a large number of separate transactions, such as for sales, scrap, obsolescence, and so forth.

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